María Eva Duarte de Perón (May 7, 1919 – July 26, 1952) was the second wife of Argentine President Juan Perón (1895–1974).
She served as the First Lady of Argentina from 1946 until her death in 1952 and usually referred to as Eva Perón or by the affectionate Spanish language diminutive Evita.
Eva Perón has become a part of international popular culture, most famously as the subject of the musical Evita (1976). Cristina Alvarez Rodriguez, Evita’s great-niece, claims that Evita has never left the collective consciousness of Argentines. Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, the first elected female President of Argentina, claims that women of her generation owe a debt to Eva for “her example of passion and combativeness”.