Nicéphore Niépce (born Joseph Niépce March 7, 1765 – July 5, 1833) was a French inventor, most noted as the inventor of photography and a pioneer in the field.
He developed heliography, a technique used to produce the world’s oldest surviving evidence of a photographic process, actually a photo-etching in 1825.
Among Niépce’s other inventions was the Pyréolophore, the world’s first ‘internal combustion engine’, which he conceived, created, and developed with his older brother Claude.
This engine ran on controlled dust explosions of Lycopodium powder and was installed on a boat that ran on the river Saône. Ten years later, they were the first in the world to make an engine work with a fuel injection system.