On the Origin of Species, published on November 24, 1859, is a work of scientific literature by Charles Darwin which is considered to be the foundation of evolutionary biology.
Its full title was On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life.
In the 1872 sixth edition “On” was omitted, so the full title is The origin of species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favored races in the struggle for life. This edition is usually known as The Origin of Species. Darwin’s book introduced the scientific theory that populations evolve over the course of generations through a process of natural selection. It presented a body of evidence that the diversity of life arose by common descent through a branching pattern of evolution. Darwin included evidence that he had gathered on the Beagle expedition in the 1830s and his subsequent findings from research, correspondence, and experimentation.