Randolph Caldecott (March 22, 1846 – February 12, 1886) was a British artist and illustrator.
The Caldecott Medal was named in his honor. His abilities as an artist were promptly and generously recognized by the Royal Academy. Caldecott greatly influenced illustration of children’s books during the nineteenth century. Two books illustrated by him, priced at a shilling each, were published every Christmas for eight years.